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The Locarno Agreement

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In addition to personal glory For Stresemann, the signing of the Locarno Pact showed that Germany was gradually treated as an equal partner in foreign policy. The agreement was concluded with Germany and was not imposed on it like the Treaty of Versailles. As a result, many moderate Germans had more confidence in Stresemann and the Weimar Republic. The agreements consisted of (1) a mutual guarantee treaty between Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom; (2) arbitration contracts between Germany and Belgium, as well as between Germany and France; (3) a communication from the former Allies to Germany explaining the application of sanctions against a state that broke up, in accordance with Article 16 of the Covenant of the League of Nations; (4) arbitration contracts between Germany and Czechoslovakia, as well as between Germany and Poland; and (5) guarantee contracts between France and Poland, as well as between France and Czechoslovakia. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany lived a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Leader Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? Pact of Locarno (December 1, 1925), a series of agreements by which Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain and Italy mutually guaranteed peace in Western Europe. The contracts were initialled on 16 October in Locarno, Switzerland, and signed on 1 December in London.

German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann has given the highest priority to restoring Germany`s prestige and privileges as Europe`s leading nation. The French withdrawal from the occupation of the Ruhr was scheduled for January 1925, but Stresemann felt that France was very nervous about his safety and could interrupt the withdrawal. After understanding that France wanted a British guarantee of its post-war borders, but that it hesitated London, Stresemann devised a plan in which all parties would get what they wanted: through a series of contracts that promised these guarantees. When the British Foreign Secretary, Austen Chamberlain, heard this proposal, he enthusiastically accepted. France understood that its occupation of the Ruhr had caused a lot of financial and diplomatic damage. [1] The Foreign Ministers met in October 1925 in the Swiss tourist resort of Locarno, where they agreed on the treaties. The first treaty was the most critical: a reciprocal guarantee of the borders of Belgium, France and Germany, guaranteed by Great Britain and Italy. The second and third treaties called for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, as well as Germany and France, on future disputes.

The fourth and fifth were similar arbitration agreements between Germany and Poland, as well as Germany and Czechoslovakia. Poland and Czechoslovakia, in particular, felt threatened by the Locarno Agreements and these treaties were an attempt to reassure them. Thanks to the Dawes Plan, Germany carried out regular repairs. The success of the Locarno Accords led to Germany`s accession to the League of Nations in September 1926, which sat on the Council as a permanent member. [2] The Locarno Pact of 1925 was an agreement signed on 1 December 1925 between Great Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Germany. Stresemann believed that by signing the pact, he would strengthen confidence in Germany among his own people, but also among other European powers. The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated from 5 to 16 October 1925 in Locarno, Switzerland, and the 1st During which the Western European allies of World War I and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe attempted to secure post-war territorial rule in exchange for normalizing relations with the defeated German Empire (Weimar Republic) were formally signed in London on December 12, 1925. .


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